Oxygen Factories

Cyanobacteria (green) in a tadpole’s blood vessels produce oxygen in response to light. Photo: S. Özugur, H. Straka

Laura Sanders reports in Sciencenews.org that using algae as local oxygen factories in the brain might one day lead to therapies for strokes or other damage from too little oxygen, according to researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich. Their research was announced October 21 at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Even more futuristic possibilities include using algae in the veins of astronauts on long-haul space missions, says neurobiologist Hans Straka.

Dr. Straka, neurobiologist Suzan Özugur and their colleagues had been bubbling oxygen into severed tadpole heads to keep nerve cells active. But in talks with botanists, Dr. Straka got the idea to use algae instead. “I wouldn’t call it crazy, but unconventional, let’s say.”

The researchers injected either green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) or cyanobacteria (Synechocystis) into tadpoles’ blood vessels, creating an eerie greenish animal. Both algae species make oxygen in response to light shining through the tadpoles’ translucent bodies.

When the researchers depleted the oxygen in the liquid surrounding a disembodied tadpole head, eye nerves fell silent and stopped firing signals. But a few minutes after a flash of algae-activating light, the nerves started firing signals again, the researchers found.

It’s not clear how long the algae can survive in the blood vessels. Nor is it clear how well animals — including people — would tolerate the extra guests.

The discovery is unlikely to be used in the clinic, said neuroscientist Kathleen Cullen of Johns Hopkins University. But it does “motivate further exploration of unconventional approaches to advance the treatments for brain hypoxia, including stroke.”

Dr. Straka’s team plans to study whether the algae can do other jobs in the brain. The algae might also be able to supply nerve cells with glucose, or even molecules that influence nerve cell behavior, he says.

Read More